This is the final report that monitored conflict risk in Iraq from the 2003 invasion until 2010 parliamentary elections. The report examines twelve social, economic and political/military indicators, tracking developments in incremental periods over a total of 84 months. The objective was to assess progress, or lack thereof, following the military overthrow of Saddam Hussein. The result was to be a democracy that would become a beacon to the Middle East. Instead of a democracy, terrorism soared, a sectarian civil war broke out, oil production plummeted, and public services declined. Tens of thousands of civilians were killed. This report wants to assess whether the shattered state could achieve sustainable security—the capacity to solve its internal problems peacefully without an outside administrative or military presence. This study suggests that as U.S. combat troops prepare to leave, Iraq remains a highly fragile state that has not yet achieved sustainable security; it suffers from a host of unresolved problems, lingering disputes, sectarian rivalries and institutional deficiencies that have been downplayed by the media and top decision-makers. If not addressed adequately, these factors have the potential to plunge the country back into civil conflict. Based on the trends identified in this study, the most likely near-term scenario is an unstable coalition between the Shia and Kurds, with some Sunni representation, and the creation of a ruling elite that will contain competing factions and repress opposition using a considerable security establishment: about 1 out of every 30 Iraqi citizens is a member of a military or police organization.
Iraq on the edge
- 1 January 2010
- Middle East and North Africa
Iraq on the edge
Imagery of Iraq where Oasis is deployed among more than 20 United Nations organizations and NGOs operating. iMMAP has been asked by OCHA to undertake a broad information coordination role in Iraq in support of OCHA, a role that will include OASIS as a vehicle for information sharing.
The intent of this document is to provide high level guidance to directors and senior executives on how to address this part of the Code, which essentially requires consideration of the subjects of ‘risk appetite’ and ‘risk tolerance’.