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Risk transfer through hardening mentalities?

In light of the attacks against the United Nations in both Peshawar and Kabul in autumn 2009, the UN has decided to “harden” itself as a target, using a protection-based strategy to reduce the vulnerability of its staff.  But to what degree will this simply transfer risk to NGOs, who do not have similar resources available, and who regardless rely on acceptance-based strategies?  And would greater cooperation of NGOs with the UN via the Saving Lives Together framework compromise NGO acceptance strategies by creating a perception of them by local communities and armed actors as a part of the UN’s democratisation agenda?


Medical Security Advisory Guidance on COVID-19

Medical Security Advisory Guidance by CRS, for executive, regional and country leadership. This document has been shared for the use of EISF members only.

HEAT Course training outline

Course format showing how to set out a Hostile Environment Awareness Training (HEAT) course.

Comment on the Pilot Empirical Survey Study on the Impact of Counterterrorism Measures on Humanitarian Action

This document presents the findings of a pilot empirical survey study on the impact of counterterrorism measures on humanitarian action.